VIP Modification

VIP Center? It’s an acronym for Visitor Information Palace. Its name said it all. It’s a place where visitors can enlarge their understanding and knowledge about our school. VIP was first created/designed from a container more than 5 years ago. It got pretty old and some things were damaged, so why not have a VIP modification exploration. One of the seniors is helping to facilitate the exploration as well. For your information, a 3D printing of the school’s campus is included in the VIP. We spent the first few weeks just getting comfortable with “blender”; the software we are going to use to design our 3D models. In my opinion, it’s pretty hard, as I’m very new to this. However, I got more comfortable as we started to build our foundations and started designing easier models for practice like snowman. Overall I believe that this is a skill that is very helpful in future needs. 

What Makes You Happy?

During these past few months of quarantine, I found something new that I enjoy doing; reading. Obviously, I don’t read all the time, however at times, reading about people’s lives, experiences or stories are ones that I find most interesting. I came across a book called, “The Career Manifesto: Discover Your Calling and Create an Extraordinary Life” by Mike Steib. It caught my eye from the moment I first saw it. It’s a book with the motive of guiding readers to determine the purpose of their careers and impacts that they can have by sharing his own experiences and advice. 

The first part of the book is discovering yourself and purpose. The Career Manifesto is about the most important and interesting topic in the world: you. That’s probably the sole reason why purpose is the first section of the book. 
The first exercise is the “Impact Map 1”. Put your name in the center of a piece of paper, then draw arrows from your name to something that is important to you right now, for instance, your family or your career. Under each category, list down the impacts you can have on them. For example, you can write, “I want to motivate people who read my book.” in the career category. 
The second exercise is the “Impact Map 2”. Imagine 10 to 20 years from now and write the success you could achieve, if you stay in the path, according to your first impact map. It could be, you, becoming a very well-known author or countless peoples’ appreciation sent to your door every single day. 
The third exercise is the “Impact map 3”. This exercise is a little different from the previous ones. This time, forget about the past two steps you did and draw a completely different path you would want to take, particularly, you might be a businessman/businesswoman, instead of an author or a manager. Think of the impacts you could have. Compare and observe which impact map you would prefer. 
The last exercise is the “Happiness Matrix”. This is my favorite exercise. There are four different categories consisting of family, work, community and extracurricular. In each category, you need to list down three things: things you truly enjoy or would truly enjoy doing, things I hate and things it would be difficult to live without. For example in the extracurricular category, I would write down that I would love to play/compete in a lot of sports in the things I truly enjoy or write down that I hate having too much on my schedule and it would be difficult to not travel at all. 
Sometimes you are too busy worrying about your work, your family or your surroundings that you forget about yourself or sometimes lose yourself or purpose. These three activities are all self-awareness related exercises, which help you discover yourself even more. During hard times like this, it’s the perfect time to get to know yourself more. Stay safe.

Black Lives Matter

A police officer’s unacceptable act perpetrated on George Floyd, an African American citizen, caused George’s death.

The incident that occurred on May 25th in Minneapolis startled me. A white police officer knelt his knee on George Floyd’s neck for more than seven minutes, while he was handcuffed and lying face down on the ground. This was an unforgivable act, when George was not even resisting, according to video recordings from multiple bystanders. I can’t breathe. Even after hearing George’s groaning words, the officer did not bother to lift his knee. Bystanders started to feel troublesome and asked the police officer to not pressure George’s neck. These worries didn’t seem to have an effect towards the officers one bit. When George became unresponsive, several eyewitnesses insisted on checking George’s pulse, however their requests weren’t granted by the police officers, until the ambulance arrived, which was already too late for George. This event provoked emotional reactions in many people, and reignited their anger and frustration. There were calls for action against the police officers who were responsible and the wider law enforcement system. The next day, the four officers who were present at the scene were fired, but the situation has only continued to deteriorate in Minneapolis. There were numerous protesters in front of the police station, stating that just firing the officers isn’t enough to bring justice for George Floyd. Police cars, government buildings were set on fire, windows were smashed, stores and multiple places were damaged. Things have become very chaotic. The following week, the four former police officers were charged with murder, as well as manslaughter. This is not the first time something this traumatizing has happened to African American citizens. There were several similar cases in the past with the same unfortunate results. Skin color should not change the way we see people. I know that everyone is disappointed and furious, however vandalizing people’s properties and businesses is wrong and is not helping the real issue at hand. George Floyd’s son also mentioned that violence will not solve anything. Instead we should be thinking of ways to help the current situation, such as donating to the organizations that are leading campaigns, in order to raise awareness and educate people about racism, as well as talking to family and friends about it. Everyone should be treated equally and well-respected mutually. Thereafter, countless African American individuals and many others have expressed their unsettling feelings and panic about what happened. Will this ever stop? Am I next? I believe that we all feel concerned and insecure. Those who were supposed to keep the city safe and make us feel safe are now the ones posing the threats to all of us. However, we should never assume that everyone is the same. I believe that there are still righteous police officers and people out there. There is still hope.


Designing Yearbook

Image result for yearbook calligraphy
From 123RF

Getting to be apart of creating the yearbook is something that I’m proud to be involved. This is the second yearbook that will be created by Liger students. The first yearbook was created four years ago by the first cohort. As a second cohort, we decided on creating another one that will be a combination of the two cohorts together. Basically a yearbook is a book that is usually packed with images and what we’ve done over the past few years. It’s similar to a look back or throwback or what’s being done. There might be field trips or events that are being featured. Aspects or perspectives of facilitators/staff could also be included. For this particular yearbook, there are more than 20 different sections. There are eight yearbook staff/students who are designing, as well as collecting contents for the book and I’m one of them. Each of us are responsible for three sections in the book. For instance, I’m responsible for collecting content and design the second cohort future predictions, the first cohort essentials and one of the biggest projects in Liger, Liger Marine Research Team (LMRT). It’s definitely a challenge for everyone to gather pictures from the past four years. Moreover, it’s even harder to design the layout for our separate sections, as we want our sections to be entertaining, informational and stylish at the same time. Certainly, we can’t finish the whole book in seven weeks, so we’ll be continuing this exploration later during the year. For this round, we’ve already decided on the color palettes, fonts and the theme, which is jOURney. I hope to continue this project in the near future.

Studying Mental Illness Through Literature Works

From PBS
From PBS

I really love the theme in this round’s literacy class. We’re learning about Mental illnesses through literary works. I was very surprised and sad to know that 60% of people with mental illness don’t seek out for help because they’re being stigmatized and classified as mentally ill. We read two older short, horrific and mysterious stories by a male famous American writer, Edgar Allan Poe. The first text was called The Tell Tale Heart, which is about a madman who doesn’t accept that he is insane. Because of a nice old man’s eye (it annoys him), the narrator killed the old man. Without any guilt at all he even hid the body under the floor and the police came to investigate and found nothing until the narrator eventually revealed the truth himself. The second story is called The Black Cat. The text is simpler and easier to understand than the first text. The Black Cat is a story that is quite similar to The Tell Tale Heart because the stories are told in the first person perspectives, who are the villains. The Black Cat is about a nice man (the narrator) who loved pets, especially cats and very graceful, until he started drinking alcohol. He started to change and become more aggressive, until one day he killed his own cat, while knowing that it didn’t do anything wrong. A few months later, he found another black cat to replace Pluto, the original cat. Not long after, he attempted to kill the cat, however his wife stopped him, so he killed his wife instead. Not very different from Poe’s The Tell Tale Heart story, the narrator hid the body within the house and kept chilled. I thought learning about the mental state through literature is very interesting and interacting simultaneously. I look forward to reading more creepy and fun texts.

One of the Best and Darkest Era

Cambodia, during the 1953-1970, also known as Sangkum Reas Niyum, was one of the most controversial periods in Cambodia’s history under the reign of King Norodom Sihanouk. The economy was at its peak, rising from all sectors such as; industry, agriculture, education, tourism, infrastructure, etc… We exported most products and imported very little goods. Unlike now, students back then, started working in workshops since elementary schools and were dressed up in really nice uniforms. Women wore Khmer traditional clothes as daily clothing. The financial in the family were really high as well. Unfortunately, Cambodia came to its end in its economy growth because of wars. Buildings were destroyed, educated people were eliminated, the lives of millions were lost, culture and traditions were stolen and the period was one of the darkest one yet. In groups of 4, we decided to choose one of the sectors and think of possible solutions to improve the sector, so it could grow as much as the Sangkum Reas Niyum era. Many sectors were discussed in class such as; education, infrastructure, health, fishery, etc… We hope to implement the solutions into actions one day in order to improve Cambodia’s economy in the upcoming years.

Household Garden

On the 12th of September, we went on a field trip to interview the farmers at Saang district in Kandal province. It’s a village that is the main transport of vegetables to the capital city, Phnom Penh. Although it’s the main vegetable transporter, they grow the vegetables chemically. The goals of the trip were to learn the reasons behind why they are growing the vegetables chemically and to really understand the process of growing using chemicals.

After interviewing about 25 farmers for the whole morning, we found out that there were several aspects behind the reasons of them growing chemical vegetables. The first factor that we identified was high market demands. Despite the fact that the whole village grow a variety of vegetables, the market demands were too high. The farmers mentioned that people love to buy fresh and healthy-looking vegetables, while organic vegetables don’t look fresh all the time and using chemicals could help the vegetables to grow faster and look fresh, which could satisfy the market’s demands on time. 

The second reason we found was that the village doesn’t have enough resources to make organic materials needed to grow vegetables such as; cow dung, woody herbs, rice husks, burnt rice husks, different types of land, etc… They said that people used to own many cows, so it was easier to find cow dung, however as time passes, people are modernizing to adapt, evolve and keep up with the technological world. Farmers needed to buy cow dung from others, which costs a lot and it was hard to find the woody herbs in the village as well. Therefore, they have no other choice, but to choose chemical over organic. 

The third and last cause is related to convenience and time to maintain the vegetables. To grow organic vegetables, the farmers needed to spend more effort and time on maintaining the vegetables, making sure that there are no bugs eating the vegetables, etc… On the other hand, if the farmers use chemical pesticides or other chemical materials, they put less effort, but the vegetables can still grow fast and ready to harvest on time to satisfy the needs of the markets. In addition, some of the farmers weren’t just only farmers, they also have other occupations to support their family, so they weren’t given enough time for taking care of the vegetables. 

Some of my observations from the trip were that there were some farmers who have never tried growing organically, just because no one in the village grows organic vegetables. They don’t want to put the whole vegetable field at risk of not getting high quality vegetables on time. Furthermore, I’ve noticed that the farmers have a lot of experience growing vegetables, but they don’t have a lot of education about why are there more bugs as they use more chemicals. Some of them think that the soil was getting worse, not because of the chemicals, but because of the vegetables that are grown on the field. To maintain the soil, they use crop rotation method. In fact, crop rotation is a great way to maintain the nutrients in soil.

In conclusion, the trip was very successful, as we were able to meet our expectations and get a lot of incredible responses from the farmers, since they were very open. I learnt a lot about the way they use chemical and the changes of the vegetables that are sprayed by chemicals. I can now see a different perspective from the farmers that grow chemical vegetables. I believe that people need to be educated on the effects of chemicals, to stop using chemicals and start growing organic vegetables.

How I Changed Cambodia (HICC)



What is Cambodia known for? Of course, Angkor Wat is what makes Cambodia a tourist site. Angkor Wat has always brought tourists to this magnificent country that people overlooked. That’s one of the reasons why an ecotourism project was created. 


The project was to create an ecotourism site in Preah Vihear province of Cambodia because the area was seen with high potentials and hopes that it’ll bring the community significant results. 


If you’re wondering what ecotourism is, it is a combination of two words: ecology and tourism. Ecology is the interactions between living organisms towards nature such as; humans, animals, etc… Tourism is the operation of holidays and vacations. Together it’s a tour that you’ll be interacting with nature and the community there. This type of tourism is intended to support the community and preserve natural resources and wildlife. 


Our aim was to help the KUI indigenous community in Preah Vihear province to create this ecotourism system because the village was seen with magnificent possibilities of developing the village into an ecotourism site. It was to help them make a better living and provide the villagers with more jobs opportunities such as; tour guides, cook, etc… Additionally, this ecotourism site will be another interesting tourism site that local tourists and international tourists would be interested in and would love to visit Cambodia.  


Tourists are usually complaining about how Cambodia has so much trash, but they haven’t seen it all. Having this ecotourism site will bring them to their senses that Cambodia is not all about trash or dirty sewage, but about the green environment that they don’t know of or realize that it exists. 

This seems like a small a project at first, however, if the ecotourism is actually created the impact is huge. We’ve already made an impact towards the community by spreading this ecotourism term and create a visual of how it’ll going to help themselve, their community and Cambodia. 


I believe that this project will continue to run smoothly and will reach the aim and we’ve all been working so hard to achieve it. This is not for our advantage, but for the individuals in the community, the whole community and Cambodia as well. I’m so proud of how far we’ve come and will create change for a better tomorrow. 


Khmer Literature Event


Have you ever attended or heard about any Khmer Literature Event? Students of the Liger Leadership Academy organized the first Khmer Literacture event at our campus for the purpose of promoting Cambodia’s culture and tradition.  It was a full day event that we needed to wear Cambodian traditional clothes. These traditional clothes also help define and show our identity as a Cambodian child as well. 


There were varieties of booths to look at on the event day, some are organized by our first cohort and some are organized by the second cohort such as; the Geography Book of Cambodia, Indigenous People of Cambodia, Humans of Cambodia, Khmer Poems competition, Khmer Debates, Public Speaking in Khmer, Story Writing competition, Khmer musics, Cambodian fishing styles, etc….


I participated in one of the booth’s activity, which is the debating booth. I have a team of four other Liger students against 5 other students from another school. We debated on the topic of “Should students wear uniforms or it’s their choice?”. My team was on the for team, so it was pretty easy to debate on that topic. I was very proud of everyone, including the against team. 

After participating in this Khmer Literature Event, I feel like schools in Cambodia really need to have this kind of event because we don’t usually create this kind of event and I believe that all Cambodians should participate in this type of event once a year or so, in order to promote our Cambodian culture. 

End The Year with Outdoor Leadership

Ending the school year with this Outdoor Leadership exploration is the best way to end it, no doubt. In this exploration, we study about the leadership roles when we are outdoors. Being a leader is not just so other people feared you, but it’s about how other people respect you and recognize you as a leader. A leader is not just someone who tells others their tasks or what they should be doing, but a leader should show and lead the way throughout for their teammates

Photo by: Cindy Liu

Some of the things we learned during this exploration are skills to save someone like doing Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), checking if the victim is awake or responsive, checking for deformity of the patient, etc… I find it very useful and helpful to learn all these skills at a very young age because with these skills I could actually save a person’s life! We practice with different scenarios throughout the whole exploration and get comfortable doing it. In addition, we learned some of the survival skills while we are outdoors, particularly in the forest or jungle.

Photo by: Chornson Sum

In order to practice those skills we went on two trips; one was in Kirirom National Park and the other one was in Mondulkiri. My highlights from Kirirom trip was to see the heaven cliff. I don’t usually get impressed by things easily, but this heaven cliff sure looks like how it sounds like. It was beyond my expectations! It’s like the best place I’ve ever seen. I felt so much better after seeing the gorgeous view of the cliff after a super tiring, long, but chilling weather trek. I’m glad we camp there, but unfortunately, it’s a very short trip. I enjoy it a lot, especially seeing the sunrise in the early morning, including seeing the horn bills.

Photo by: Cindy Liu

My highlights from Mondulkiri was overcoming challenges as a whole team. It was very difficult to go to Mondulkiri at the end of May because it’s raining season and our tent ended up all soaked up, so does the clothes that we put there. Everyone shows a lot of caring and sharing for each other while facing this challenge and I love seeing that a lot! We showed a lot of flexibility and adaptation when we changed our plans around. After this struggling experience, we come to understand each other better and become better teammates. Plans might not always go accordingly, so you should always be ready for changes in plans! Even if we are facing the problem, we remain calm and help each other until the end, showing great loyalty to the whole team, not team, but more like a family. 

One of the challenge everyone faces during our second trip to Mondulkiri might be the trekking part because it was very slippery due to the rain. There were insects and bugs especially leeches all over the ground. It was very difficult for us to trek when the rocks were slippery and we need to be super careful so that we wouldn’t slip. We collaborate really well when it comes to the steep or slippery ground. We hold hands or give a hand to those who need to climb down or climb up, showing great teamwork, which I find very impressive. We alert each other if there are tree branches or obstacles along the way so that no one would get hurt. One of the best things I observed is how we as teammates encourage each other to push through the hard times they face, for example, some people are afraid of particular insects or bugs, but we didn’t blame them for that, besides we actually help them get out of their comfort zone and push through the struggle together, which results in positive consequences.

We also communicate really well with each other, especially while trekking. We have three signs that we could say out loud anytime we want. “Green light” means go/continue, “Yellow light” means to slow down and “Red light” means to pause/stop. Everyone was very open hearted, whenever anyone needs to stop or pause for water break or someone gets hurt. Talking about water break, we also assigned someone to be a water wizard. He/she needs to make sure that everyone is hydrated and tells them to drink water frequently. 

What I thought I could work towards to would be to be a better teammate and nature observer. What I meant by being a better teammate is that I should be better at encouraging and motivating others, like during this exploration trip, I could have encouraged my teammates to continue and push through the tiring trek together, but I didn’t do so. I would love to also openly help anyone in need, especially during the trip because we are at an unfamiliar place that could end up with a lot of struggles. The other thing I could improve on is being a nature observer. I could ask or let my curiosity goes wild about the natural environment. While I was trekking, I didn’t really think much about my surroundings. What I could have done better next time would be to ask questions about the nature around me such as; trees, plants, insects, bugs, wild animals, fruits, flowers, etc…


Newton’s Laws of Motion

Have you ever heard about Newton’s Laws of Motion? Well, we covered this lesson in our last round of the year. We studied each one of the laws and did experiments throughout the learning course. The lesson is not very difficult to learn itself, but it’s hard to understand without learning the key vocabulary in the lesson. Below is the list of vocabulary in all Newton’s Three Laws of Motion that you should know beforehand, in order to easily understand the content.


  • Newton: unit of force
  • Inertia: the tendency of an object to resist a change in motion
  • Force: an influence tending to change the motion
  • Unbalanced Force: force that causes a change in motion of an object
  • Acceleration: the rate of change in direction and speed
  • Momentum: the quantity of motion of a moving body
  • Velocity: the change in position, direction and mass of an object
  • Net Force: total force acting on an object
  • Mass: the quantity of an object


This is just a reminder that above are only some of the vocabularies that you might encounter while learning/reading about Newton’s Laws of Motion.